Metabolic flux network and analysis of fermentative hydrogen production

Guiqin Cai, Bo Jin, Paul Monis, Chris Saint

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    78 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fermentative hydrogen production (FHP) has received a great R & D interest in recent decades, as it offers a potential means of producing H 2 from a variety of renewable resources, even wastewater via a low energy continuous process. Various extracellular metabolites including ethanol, acetate, butyrate and lactate can be produced during the fermentation, building a complex metabolic network of the FHP. Except for the recognition of its complexity, the metabolic flux network has not been well understood. Studies on biochemical reactions and metabolic flux network associated with the FHP in anaerobic fermentation system have only been drawn attention in recent years. This review summarizes the biochemical reactions taking place in the metabolic network of FHP. We discuss how the key operation factors influence metabolism in the FHP process. Recently developed and applied technologies for metabolic flux analysis have been described. Future studies on the metabolic network to enhance fermentative hydrogen production by strict anaerobes are recommended. It is expected that this review can provide useful information in terms of fundamental knowledge and update technology for scientists and research engineers in the field of biological hydrogen production.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)375-387
    Number of pages13
    JournalBiotechnology Advances
    Volume29
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

    Keywords

    • Anaerobes
    • Dark fermentation
    • Hydrogen production
    • Metabolic flux analysis
    • Metabolic network

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