Microalgal Classification: MajorClassesand Genera of CommercialMicroalgal Species. MajorClassesand Genera of CommercialMicroalgal Species

Kirsten Ruth Heimann, Roger Huerlimann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae show enormous promise to simultaneously create industries aiming for remediation of wastewaters and producing value-adding coproducts for large nonsaturable markets, such as biofuels, biofertilizers, and biopolymers. To date, however, their commercially realized exploitation is restricted to a few strains for the production of fine chemicals, nutraceuticals, food additives, and as feed in aquaculture. Algal taxonomy has remained a mystery for applied phycologists. In this chapter, we aim to unriddle this puzzle by providing a brief overview of the difficulties of placing microalgae in a hierarchical, phylogenetically meaningful, classification scheme. The evolutionary origin of algal diversity is discussed, which explains why creating a phylogenetically meaningful classification scheme is fraught with difficulties. Finally, commercially used microalgae or those with demonstrated potential are described with a focus on their identifying characteristics. These described microalgae are then cross-linked to their remediation and bioproduct potential in the last two sections of this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Marine Microalgae
Subtitle of host publicationBiotechnology Advances
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages25-41
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780128011249
ISBN (Print)9780128007761
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Apicomplexa
  • Biofilms
  • Bioproduct
  • Chlorophyta
  • Evolution
  • Haptophytes
  • High rate algal ponds
  • Plastid
  • SAR
  • Stramenopiles

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