Micronutrient requirements for growth and hydrocarbon production in the oil producing green alga Botryococcus braunii (Clorophyta)

Liang Song, Jianguang Qin, Shengqi Su, Jianhe Xu, Stephen Clarke, Yichu Shan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The requirements of micronutrients for biomass and hydrocarbon production in Botryococcus braunii UTEX 572 were studied using response surface methodology. The concentrations of four micronutrients (iron, manganese, molybdenum, and nickel) were manipulated to achieve the best performance of B. braunii in laboratory conditions. The responses of algal biomass and hydrocarbon to the concentration variations of the four micronutrients were estimated by a second order quadratic regression model. Genetic algorithm calculations showed that the optimal level of micronutrients for algal biomass were 0.266 μM iron, 0.707 μM manganese, 0.624 μM molybdenum and 3.38 μM nickel. The maximum hydrocarbon content could be achieved when the culture media contained 10.43 μM iron, 6.53 μM manganese, 0.012 μM molybdenum and 1.73 μM nickel. The validation through an independent test in a photobioreactor suggests that the modified media with optimised concentrations of trace elements can increase algal biomass by 34.5% and hydrocarbon by 27.4%. This study indicates that micronutrients play significant roles in regulating algal growth and hydrocarbon production, and the response surface methodology can be used to optimise the composition of culture medium in algal culture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere41459
    Pages (from-to)e41459
    Number of pages9
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume7
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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