Minimal and mild paediatric brain injury: A 3-year cohort of consecutive presentations

Remo Russo, James Rice, P Chern, J Raftos

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective: To determine the number of children with minimal and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their demographic factors, causes, associated signs/symptoms and management. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of consecutive presentations to a tertiary paediatric centre. Results: There were 2043 presentations of minimal and mild TBI over 3 years (minimal TBI=79.7% [n=1628]; mild TBI=20.3% [n=415]). Mean age was 5.12 years (SD=5.14) with children ≤3 years comprising 53.2% (n=1086). There was a bimodal distribution in mild TBI with peaks at 02 and 1315 years. The male-to-female ratio was 1.6:1. Only 34.6% of GCS scores were documented. Falls caused most injury. Overall, 6.3% (n=129) required hospital admission and 29.1% (n=594) were reviewed clinically. Conclusion: Minimal and mild TBI is common, representing a significant burden on individuals, families and healthcare providers. High rates of follow-up impact on the healthcare system and warrant further investigation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-18
    Number of pages6
    JournalDevelopmental Neurorehabilitation
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


    • Brain injury
    • Child
    • Closed head injury
    • Trauma


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