Purpose: The present analysis explores whether demographic, psychosocial, or intervention adherence factors moderated treatment efficacy of Finding My Way (FMW), an efficacious self-directed web-based psychosocial program for newly diagnosed curatively treated cancer patients. Methods: Participants (n = 191) completed a 6-module intervention (n = 94) or attention-control (n = 97) program. Outcome measures were completed at baseline (T0), post-program (T1), 3-month (T2), and 6-month (T3) follow ups. Age, gender, social support, information processing style (monitoring vs blunting), emotion-regulation difficulties, and intervention adherence were examined as potential moderators. Results: Age moderated emotional functioning and general distress at T3 with significant intervention benefits only observed in younger participants; age moderated cognitive functioning at T1, with intervention benefits only found in older participants. Gender moderated helplessness/hopelessness, emotional functioning, and cognitive avoidance at T1 with men benefitting more from receiving the intervention vs control. Monitoring information-processing style moderated cancer distress and anxious preoccupation at T3: higher monitors benefitted more from receiving the intervention vs control. Program adherence moderated global QOL, emotional functioning and social functioning at T2 and T3; cognitive avoidance (T1), anxious preoccupation (T2) and role function (T3), with those who completed more of the program benefitting more if they received the intervention than control. Emotion dysregulation and social support each moderated role function at T2, with those more dysregulated and less socially supported benefitting more if they received the intervention than control. Conclusions: For select outcomes, FMW is more effective for patients with specific characteristics; these findings can inform future tailoring and targeting of online programs for cancer-distress.
- Cancer; oncology
- Online intervention