Modulation of fecal markers relevant to colon cancer risk: A high- starch chinese diet did not generate expected beneficial changes relative to a western-type diet

Jane G. Muir, Karen Z. Walker, Mary A. Kaimakamis, Melissa A. Cameron, Mirjam J.A.P. Govers, Zong Xian Lu, Graeme P. Young, Kerin O'Dea

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a randomized, crossover dietary intervention study, 12 Australians (of white descent) consumed a diet typical of low-income communities in China and an average Australian diet so that effects on fecal markers thought to be relevant to colon cancer risk could be compared. The Chinese diet contained 35.3 g starch/MJ daily [including 2 g resistant starch (RS)/MJ and 1.5 g nonstarch polysaccharides (NSPs)/MJ]; the Australian diet contained 12 g starch/MJ daily (including 0.8 g RS and 2.7 g NSPs/MJ). Subjects followed each diet for 3 wk. Serum cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower after the low-fat, high-starch Chinese diet than after the Australian diet (x̄ ± SEM: 4.17 ± 0.30 compared with 5.04 ± 0.28 mmol/L, respectively, P < 0.05), a difference indicative of dietary compliance. Fecal pH was lower after the Chinese diet (6.51 ± 0.04) than after the Australian diet (6.63 ± 0.05; P < 0.05). For all other fecal markers examined, however, the Chinese diet produced less favorable changes, including lower fecal bulk (86 ± 11 compared with 141 ± 20 g wet wt/d, P < 0.01), slower transit through the gut (69±6 compared with 56±7 h, P = 0.06), lower fecal concentrations of short- chain fatty acids [72.8±7.3 compared with 98±7.6 mmol/L (including butyrate: 12.2±1.3 compared with 18.4±2.3 mmol/L), P < 0.05], and higher fecal concentrations of potentially damaging ammonia (540±50 compared with 450±40 mg/L, P < 0.01) and phenols (109.2±13.2 compared with 68.5±12.9 mg/L, P < 0.01). These results suggest that consumption of a highstarch diet alone is insufficient to reduce the risk of developing colon cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-379
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Australian diet
  • Biomarker
  • Chinese diet
  • Colon cancer risk
  • Fecal markers
  • Nonstarch polysaccharides
  • Resistant starch
  • Short-chain fatty acids
  • Starch

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