Molecular basis of X-ray-induced mutation at the HPRT locus in human lumphocytes

A. W. Skulimowski, D. R. Turner, A. A. Morley, B. J.S. Sanderson, M. Haliandros

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    41 Citations (Scopus)


    Human lymphocytes lacking functional HPRT enzyme after a dose of rad X-radiation were closed and the monoclonal populations expanded so that sufficient genomic DNA was obtained for Southern analysis. A total of 33 mutant clones were analysed. Wild-type clones showed no evidence of changes to the HPRT gene resolvable by Sothern banding patterns whereas 17 of 33 mutant clones showed changes. The alterations observed included total gene deletions (3 clones) and partial gene deletions with or without the appearance of novel bands (12 clones). Two clones showed the appearnce of novel bands only. There were no changes observed in 16 of the 33 mutant clones. Three clones showed changes inconsistent with deletion of portions of the gene. In these clones inversions seems to have been the most likely cause of the mutation. The spectrum of gene alterations following ionzing radiation appears different to that previously observed for spontaneous mutations. Consequently, ionizing radiation or radiomimetic agents would appear to be aetiologic, at the most, for only a minor proportional in vivo somatic mutations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)105-112
    Number of pages8
    JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1986


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