MS2 coliphage and E. Coli UVB inactivation rates in optically clear water: dose, dose rate and temperature dependence

Yu Lian, Lei Mai, Nancy Cromar, Neil Buchanan, Howard Fallowfield, Xiaoming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natural ultraviolet irradiance disinfection is known to play a significant role in both natural wastewater treatment systems and drinking water disinfection processes, while the influence of ultraviolet B (UVB) delivering method on sunlight disinfection outcome is still unclear. This study aims to determine the effects of environmentally relevant temperatures, UVB doses (J m 2 ) and dose rates (W m 2 ) on the inactivation and log reduction values (LRVs) of the F-RNA coliphage MS2 and Escherichia coli in optically clear water. E. coli and MS2 were separately incubated and irradiated at five different doses of UVB light that delivered using six UVB dose rates. The results of the study demonstrate that the UVB dose delivering method (combination of dose rate and exposure time) influences inactivation and LRVs of E. coli and MS2 at all UVB doses investigated (up to seven-fold difference). Two phases were identified within the UVB dose rate, UVB inactivation or LRV curves for both organisms; a UVB dose rate limited inactivation phase and a dose rate saturation inactivation phase. The results contribute to a better understanding of UVB disinfection in the environment and natural wastewater treatment systems, potentially improving the design and operation of high rate algal ponds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2228-2238
Number of pages11
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume78
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Dose
  • Dose rate
  • E. coli
  • Inactivation
  • MS2
  • Temperature
  • UVB

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