Multi-drug resistant Salmonella Java infections acquired from tropical fish aquariums, Australia, 2003-04

Jennie Musto, Martyn Kirk, Diane Lightfoot, Barry G. Combs, Lillian Mwanri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antibiotic resistant Salmonella infections are rare in Australia. We investigated an increase in multidrug resistant Salmonella Paratyphi B biovar Java (S. Java) infections in Australia during 2003-04. Eighty-two per cent (18/22) of S. Java cases enrolled into the study reported that they had been in contact with aquariums housing fish during their incubation period. Seventy-two per cent (13/18) of cases were infected with strains that were resistant to ApSmTcCmSuSp (ampicillin, streptomycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, spectinomycin). Case households commonly reported high risk behaviours, such as cleaning aquaria in sinks. Sixty-one per cent (11/18) of cases reported that fish in their aquarium had been sick or died in the week prior to their illness, and S. Java was isolated from the water or gravel of 5 cases. These antibiotic strains are being spread internationally and may become endemic in countries importing tropical fish or result in transfer of resistance to other more common Salmonella serotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
JournalCommunicable Diseases Intelligence
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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