Recent research concerning Giardia duodenalis has focused on resolving possible sub-assemblages within Assemblages A and B to better understand host-specific and zoonotic relationships. In the present study nine cloned, cultured, Assemblage B isolates were used to investigate the intra-Assemblage B substitution patterns of conserved (ssrDNA, ef, h2b, h4) and variable (tpi, gdh, bg) genes to assess their suitability for further application to sub-assemblage analyses. The resolution of each gene was found to be proportional to its substitution rate and for the genetically narrow sample set examined, the variable genes best represented the consensus phylogeny while the conserved genes only established fractions. However it was demonstrated that the spectra of conserved and variable genes were required to ensure accuracy of inferred phylogeny and it was therefore concluded that further research into sub-Assemblage B groups would require a mixture of conserved and variable genes for the multi-locus analyses of this genetically broad assemblage.
- Assemblage B