Multidisciplinary transcatheter aortic valve replacement heart team programme improves mortality in aortic stenosis

Dylan R. Jones, Derek P. Chew, Matthew J. Horsfall, Anthony Ming Yu Chuang, Ajay R. Sinhal, Majo X. Joseph, Robert A. Baker, Jayme S. Bennetts, Joseph B. Selvanayagam, Sam J. Lehman

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    Abstract

    Objectives To analyse the effect of the implementation of a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and multidisciplinary heart team programme on mortality in severe aortic stenosis (AS). Methods A retrospective, observational cohort study was performed using the echocardiography, cardiothoracic surgery and TAVR databases between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2016. Outcomes were compared between the pre- and post-TAVR programme eras in a tertiary referral centre providing transcatheter and surgical interventions for AS. All-cause mortality within 5 years from diagnosis was determined for 3399 patients with echocardiographically defined severe AS. Results Of 3399 patients, there were 210 deaths (6.2%) at 30 days and 1614 deaths (47.5%) at 5 years. Overall, patients diagnosed in the post-TAVR programme era were older, with a lower ejection fraction and more severe AS, but were less comorbid. Among 705 patients undergoing intervention, those in the post-TAVR programme era were older, with a lower ejection fraction and more severe AS but no significant differences in comorbidities. Using an inverse probability weighted cohort and a Cox proportional hazards model, a significant mortality benefit was noted between eras alone (HR=0.86, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.97, p=0.015). When matching for age, comorbidities and valve severity, this benefit was more evident (HR=0.82, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.92, p=0.001). After adjusting for the presence of aortic valve intervention, a significant benefit persisted (HR=0.84, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.95, p=0.005). Conclusion The implementation of a TAVR programme is associated with a mortality benefit in the population with severe AS, independent of the expansion of access to intervention.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere000983
    Number of pages8
    JournalOpen Heart
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2019

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

    Keywords

    • aortic stenosis
    • cardiovascular outcomes
    • multidisciplinary communication
    • surgical aortic valve replacement
    • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

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