Multilingualism and Language Mixing Among Singapore University Students

Kingsley Bolton, Werner Botha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter discusses the dynamics of language mixing among Singaporean university students and how such mixing practices are an integral part of students’ linguistic behaviour at university, both inside and outside formal classroom contexts. The study draws on a large-scale language survey of undergraduate students, as well as qualitative language data collected at one of Singapore’s leading universities. The findings reveal how Singaporean students are able to shift between various languages inside and outside their classrooms, and may also have relevance for a range of other multilingual contexts, particularly in relation to language use in higher education.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMultilingual Education Yearbook 2019
Subtitle of host publicationMedia of Instruction & Multilingual Settings
EditorsIndika Liyanage, Tony Walker
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-14386-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-14385-5
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameMultilingual Education Yearbook
ISSN (Print)2522-5421
ISSN (Electronic)2522-543X


  • English-medium education
  • EMI
  • Code-mixing
  • Code-switching
  • Language mixing
  • Multilingualism
  • Translanguaging
  • Globalization
  • Singapore


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