Natural Hazards vs Cultural Heritage

Nicu Cristi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Natural hazards are usually approached by geosciences (geology, geography); they are a cause of planetary evolution that can be divided into geological hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruption), meteorological hazards (hailstorm, heat wave, cyclones, ice storm, tornado), and hydrological hazards (floods, droughts, mudslides). Over the last decades, due to the technological evolution, the research undertaken in order to understand and predict natural hazards has made serious progress. When a natural hazard is affecting the cultural heritage integrity, the process can be fast and lead to permanent destruction or slow, depending on the severity of the hazard. Along history, natural hazards lead to the destruction of some famous monuments: the pyroclastic flows from Vesuvius completely destroyed Pompeii in 79 A.D.; the Colossus of Rhodes and the Pharos Lighthouse have been destroyed by earthquakes in 227 B.C. and in the fourteenth century, respectively; mausoleum of...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Global Archaeology
Subtitle of host publicationLiving Edition
EditorsClaire Smith
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
ChapterNatural Hazards vs Cultural Heritage
Number of pages12
Edition2nd
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-51726-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Cultural Heritage
  • Cultural Heritage Management
  • Landscape Archaeology
  • Natural Hazards
  • Protection of Cultural Heritage
  • Remote Sensing and GIS
  • Risk and Vulnerability
  • Risk Assessment

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  • Cite this

    Cristi, N. (2018). Natural Hazards vs Cultural Heritage. In C. Smith (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology: Living Edition (2nd ed.). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51726-1_3185-1