Neck/shoulder pain is more strongly related to depressed mood in adolescent girls than in boys

Clare M. Pollock, R. L. Harries, Anne Julia Smith, Leon Straker, Garth Edward Kendall, Peter O'Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


A cross-sectional study of 1258, 14 year old girls and boys used self-report and physical examination measures to assess neck/shoulder pain in the last month, depressed mood, physical fitness, body composition, self-efficacy, global self-worth, family functioning and social advantage. The data was used to compare the relationship between depressed mood and neck/shoulder pain (NSP) in adolescent girls and boys. The prevalence of NSP in girls (34%, 211/621) was significantly greater than in boys (21%, 134/637; p < .001). After controlling for covariates, girls with medium (OR = 4.28; CI = 2.31-7.92; p < .001) and high depressed mood (OR = 8.63; CI = 4.39-16.98; p < .001) were significantly more likely to report NSP than girls with low depressed mood. Depressed mood was also a significant correlate of NSP in boys after controlling for covariates, although the association was substantially weaker (OR = 2.44; CI = 1.29-4.61; p < .001). After controlling for relevant biological, psychological and social covariates, depressed mood was a significant correlate of NSP in both sexes; but the association between depressed mood and NSP was significantly stronger for girls than for boys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011


  • Adolescents
  • Depression
  • Neck/shoulder pain
  • Raine study


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