Neighbourhood 'Social Infrastructure' for Health: The Role of Social Capital, Fear of Crime and Area Reputation

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is substantial evidence of neighborhood differences in health, whereby those living in 'poor' neighborhoods have worse health than those living in better offneighborhoods. Potential explanations for this have focused on the concentrations of particular types of people within a neighborhood (its composition) and also on the characteristics of neighborhoods themselves (the context). There is evidence that there is something about neighborhoods that can be health promoting or health damaging, beyond the sociodemographic composition of neighborhoods. This article discusses the relevance of the 'social infrastructure' of neighborhoods in contributing to people's health, in particular, the role that social capital, fear of crime, and area stigma and reputation can play in contributing to positive (or negative) social environments that can in turn affect health. This is considered also in light of theory and evidence that predicts that individuals within neighborhoods may experience this social environment differently, and that the social, physical, and material environments of neighborhoods are likely to be strongly interrelated. It is concluded that efforts to optimize the social infrastructure of neighborhoods must also attempt to address the material determinants of health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
    PublisherElsevier
    Pages72-78
    Number of pages7
    ISBN (Print)9780444522726
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

    Keywords

    • Contextual
    • Fear of crime
    • Location
    • Neighborhood
    • Reputation
    • Safety
    • Social capital
    • Social networks
    • Stigma

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