NGM282 for Treatment of Patients With Primary Biliary Cholangitis: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Marlyn J. Mayo, Alan Wigg, Barbara Leggett, Hays Arnold, Alexander Thompson, Martin Weltman, Elizabeth J. Carey, Andrew J. Muir, Lei Ling, Stephen J. Rossi, Alex M. DePaoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) who had an inadequate response to ursodiol have few treatment options. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bilirubin levels correlate with the risk of liver transplant or death in PBC patients. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 19 is a hormone that acts directly in the liver to regulate bile acid synthesis. We evaluated NGM282, an engineered analogue of FGF19, for the treatment of PBC. In this 28-day, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial, 45 PBC patients who had an inadequate response to ursodiol were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive subcutaneous daily doses of either NGM282 at 0.3 mg (n = 14), 3 mg (n = 16), or placebo (n = 15). The primary endpoint was a change in ALP from baseline after 28 days of treatment. At day 28, ALP was significantly reduced with NGM282 treatment at both 0.3 mg (least-squares mean -51.0 IU/L [standard error (SE) 15.4]) and 3 mg (-66.0 IU/L [SE 16.0]) versus placebo (3.3 IU/L [SE 14.8]), with least-squares mean differences of -54.3 IU/L (95% confidence interval -104.2 to -4.5; P = 0.0149) and -69.3 IU/L (95% confidence interval -120.5 to -18.3; P = 0.0030), respectively. Fifty percent (7 of 14) of patients receiving NGM282 0.3 mg and 46% (6 of 13) of those receiving NGM282 3mg achieved 15% or greater reduction in ALP levels from baseline, compared with 7% (1 of 15) of patients receiving placebo. NGM282 also significantly reduced serum concentrations of transaminases and immunoglobulins. Most adverse events were grade 1 (mild) to grade 2 (moderate) in severity, with gastrointestinal disorders more frequent in the NGM282 treatment groups. No worsening of pruritus was observed with NGM282 treatment. Conclusion: NGM282 administered for 28 days resulted in significant improvements in ALP and transaminase levels compared with placebo, with an acceptable safety profile in patients with PBC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1050
JournalHepatology Communications
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

Keywords

  • NGM282
  • Primary Biliary Cholangitis
  • Trial

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