Nitroxide radical polymers for emerging plastic energy storage and organic electronics: Fundamentals, materials, and applications

Yuan Xie, Kai Zhang, Yusuke Yamauchi, Kenichi Oyaizu, Zhongfan Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing demand for portable and flexible electronic devices requires seamless integration of the energy storage system with other electronic components. This ever-growing area has urged on the rapid development of new electroactive materials that not only possess excellent electrochemical properties but hold capabilities to be fabricated to desired shapes. Ideally, these new materials should have minimal impact on the environment at the end of their life. Nitroxide radical polymers (NRPs) with their remarkable electrochemical and physical properties stand out from diverse organic redox systems and have attracted tremendous attention for their identified applications in plastic energy storage and organic devices. In this review, we present a comprehensive summary of NRPs with respect to the fundamental electrochemical properties, design principles and fabrication methods for different types of energy storage systems and organic electronic devices. While highlighting some exciting progress on charge transfer theory and emerging applications, we end up with a discussion on the challenges and opportunities regarding the future directions of this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-829
Number of pages27
JournalMaterials Horizons
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Zhongfan Jia is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Science and Engi- neering at Flinders University. He graduated with a PhD in Polymer Chemistry and Physics in 2007 from Fudan University. Followed by a postdoctoral research in the Centre for Advanced Macro- molecular Design (CAMD) at University of New South Wales, he then worked in Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nano- technology (AIBN) at the University of Queensland (UQ) until 2019. He was an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship, Advanced Queensland Fellowship, and a Lecturer at the University of New England, Australia. He has published >90 papers in the area of synthesis and applications of complex polymer architectures, with focus on biomedicine, catalysis, and energy storage.

Funding Information:
Z. J. acknowledges the financial support from Flinders University Start-up Fund.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.


  • Nitroxide
  • Energy Storage
  • Organic Electronics


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