Non-targeted discovery of high-value bio-products in Nicotiana glauca L: a potential renewable plant feedstock

Natalia Carreno-Quintero, Takayuki Tohge, Rebecca Van Acker, Lauren S. McKee, Qi Zhou, Antje Bolze, Xiaohui Xing, Merve Özparpucu, Markus Rüggeberg, Thomas Piofczyk, Yaw Koram, Vincent Bulone, Wout Boerjan, Alisdair R. Fernie, Paul D. Fraser

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Abstract

The evaluation of plant-based feedstocks is an important aspect of biorefining. Nicotiana glauca is a solanaceous, non-food crop that produces large amounts of biomass and is well adapted to grow in suboptimal conditions. In the present article, compatible sequential solvent extractions were applied to N. glauca leaves to enable the generation of enriched extracts containing higher metabolite content comparing to direct leaf extracts. Typically, between 60 to 100 metabolite components were identified within the fractions. The occurrence of plant fatty acids, fatty acid alcohols, alkanes, sterols and terpenoids was detected by gas liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and metabolite identification was confirmed by comparison of physico-chemical properties displayed by available authentic standards. Collectively, co-products such waxes, oils, fermentable sugars, and terpenoids were all identified and quantified. The enriched fractions of N. glauca revealed a high level of readily extractable hydrocarbons, oils and high value co-products. In addition, the saccharification yield and cell wall composition analyses in the stems revealed the potential of the residue material as a promising lignocellulosic substrate for the production of fermentable sugars. In conclusion a multifractional cascade for valuable compounds/commodities has been development, that uses N. glauca biomass. These data have enabled the evaluation of N. glauca material as a potential feedstock for biorefining.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Number of pages11
JournalBioresources and Bioprocessing
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioproducts
  • Biorefinary
  • Metabolite profiling
  • Nicotiana glauca

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