The article traces the emigration of Apulians between the Nineteenth Century and today, with special reference to the Molfettese who currently, after Bari, have the most numerous Apulian presence abroad. A particular feature of early Apulian migration was their culture of short-distance settlement, especially of Molfettese fishermen, in colonies in Dalmatia, the Balkans and Greece, at a time when other regions of Italy were increasingly migrating to the Americas. The subsequent large-scale movement of Apulians to the Americas and Oceania in the years immediately preceding the First World War was matched by equally strong migration abroad in the initial years after the war. Molfettese fishermen in the majority of cases saw their settlement overseas as permanent, which led to their early sponsoring of wives and daughters, best described as "women in waiting" rather than "women left behind". This pre-war consolidation and the post-WW2 large-scale exodus have meant that today there are strong communities of Molfettese in cities as far apart as Hoboken and Port Pirie, which have been called "la Molfetta d'America" and "la Molfetta d'Australia" respectively. Links with Apulia have remained alive and conspicuous, thanks to the engagement of the Apulia Region, to active clubs abroad and especially to the annual celebration of the patron of Molfetta, Our Lady of Martyrs, as well as to the modern technological connections now available.
|Translated title of the contribution||Notes of the Apulian diaspora in the 1800th and 1900th: The Molfetta case|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2013|