Numerical simulation of blade-passage noise

Yendrew Yauwenas, Branko Zajamšek, John A. Reizes, Victoria Timchenko, Con J. Doolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulations are used to investigate the noise generated by the passage of a rotor blade past a fixed object (the blade-passage effects), which was studied by simulating a three-bladed rotor that is supported by a vertical cylindrical tower. To isolate the blade-passage effects, no incoming wind was introduced in the simulation. The symmetric blade was set to zero pitch angle relative to the plane of rotation and two blade-tower distances were investigated. The sliding mesh method was used to simulate the rotation of the blades and Curle's acoustic analogy was used to predict the noise generated from the simulated flow data. Intense force fluctuations occur during the interaction on both the tower and the passing blade, and these are the primary sources of blade-passage noise. The contribution of the force fluctuations on the support tower to blade-passage noise, which previously had been ignored, was revealed to be more significant than that of the blades. The numerical model successfully predicts the noise spectra, which are validated by the very good agreement with experimental measurements. The simulations provide a framework to better understand blade-tower interaction noise in various applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1586
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • blade-passage noise
  • numerical simulation
  • three-bladed rotor
  • Curle's acoustic analogy
  • force fluctuations


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