Nursing Home Residents’ Perceptions of Challenges and Coping Strategies during COVID-19 Pandemic in China

Shuang Wu, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Jiahui Nan, Si Zhao, Ping Yin, Dou Zhang, Lulu Liao, Mengqi Li, Xiufen Yang, Hui Feng

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Older people in nursing homes are at a high risk of being infected by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). They also experienced nursing home lockdowns that harm their psychological wellbeing. Better support for this vulnerable population requires understanding their perceptions of challenges and coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative descriptive study was conducted using semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the data. Participants were recruited from six nursing homes in three cities in Hunan Province, China. Fourteen nursing home residents participated in the study. Four themes were identified from interviews and described as: mental stress and coping strategies, self-regulation to respond to lockdown, the lack of social connection and coping strategies, and the need for medical care services and coping strategies. This study revealed that nursing home residents perceived stress during the nursing home lockdown, but they reported initiating activities to maintain health and connections with their families and peers. Resilience improvement interventions are necessary to enable residents’ autonomy and develop their resilience in coping with difficulties and hardship during crises. The findings also indicate that a supportive environment with interactions from families, peers, and staffs played a key role in enabling residents’ positive health and wellbeing during the lockdown.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1485
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • challenge
  • coping strategy
  • COVID-19
  • qualitative research
  • residents


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