Nursing home staff experiences of implementing mentorship programmes: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis

Lulu Liao, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Huijing Chen, Xin Yin Wu, Yinan Zhao, Mingyue Hu, Hengyu Hu, Hui Li, Xiufen Yang, Feng Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
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Aim:To determine nursing home staff experiences in mentorship programmes, and staff perceptions of the enablers and barriers to implement mentorship programmes.
Background: Mentorship programmes are perceived as playing an important role in improving the quality of care in nursing homes. However, little is known about research conducted around the world on staff experiences of these types of programmes.
Evaluation: A search for studies published from the earliest available date to April 2019 was undertaken. Two reviewers performed data extraction and an appraisal of eight studies using tools from the Joanna Briggs Institute. A pragmatic meta-aggregative approach was applied to synthesise the findings. The qualitative research that was included was analysed to identify 63 findings that were organised into 12 categories and combined into three syntheses.
Key issues: The implementation of effective mentorship programmes is influenced by three factors: mentor capability, opportunity in the mentorship programmes, and motivation in the mentorship programmes. Conclusions: There are a number ofstudies of nursing home staff experiences of mentorship programmes. However, systematic reviews that synthesise findings in this field are lacking. It is crucial to tailor the programme design to suit each unique nursing home care setting. We identified barriers and enablers, and learned that no barriers are insurmountable.
Implications for Nursing Management: Findings will informnurse managers of an ideal environment for the implementation of a successful mentorship programme. Nursing homes need to establish and sustain mentorship programmes to help improve workforce capacity in delivering high-quality care for residents
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-198
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.© 2019 The Authors. Journal of Nursing Management published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • mentorship
  • nursing home
  • qualitative meta-synthesis
  • systematic review


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