Older workers: Past, present and future

Valerie Dawn Caines, Monique F. Crane, Jack Noone, Barbara Griffin, Shiksha Datta, Joanne Kaa Earl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, we focus on the ever-growing numbers of older workers and considerations for workplace practices and policies that make the most from the qualities older workers bring. To begin, we explore the socio-political context examining employment trends for older workers and highlight policies and trends that inform workforce planning. We then extend the discussion of older workers from the perspective of person–environment (P-E) fit, entrepreneurship, resilience and cognitive functioning. Each of these perspectives have received increased research and practitioner attention over the past two decades. They present opportunities to increase our understanding of older people in a workplace context and how to support older workers in a socio-political environment focused on career longevity. We argue that a new national strategy is needed to guide future initiatives and policy development. We propose future research directions and practitioner intervention prospects. JEL Classification: M54.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-448
Number of pages24
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Cognitive functioning
  • entrepreneurship
  • older workers
  • person–environment (P-E) fit
  • resilience
  • retirement policy


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