On the relationship between justice and forgiveness: Are all forms of justice made equal?

Michael Wenzel, Tyler Okimoto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This research investigates whether, following a wrongdoing, the restoration of justice promotes forgiveness. Three studies - one correlational recall study and two experimental scenario studies - provide evidence that while a restored sense of justice is overall positively related to forgiveness, forgiveness is highly dependent on the means of justice restoration being retributive (punitive) versus restorative (consensus-seeking) in nature. The findings showed that, overall, restorative but not retributive responses led to greater forgiveness. Although both retributive and restorative responses appeared to increase forgiveness indirectly through increased feelings of justice, for retributive responses these effects were counteracted by direct effects on forgiveness. Moreover, the experimental evidence showed that, while feelings of justice derived from restorative responses were positively related to forgiveness, feelings of justice derived from retributive responses were not.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)463-483
    Number of pages21
    JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
    Volume53
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the relationship between justice and forgiveness: Are all forms of justice made equal?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this