Online prevention of disordered eating in at-risk young-adult women: A two-country pragmatic randomised controlled trial. A two-country pragmatic randomized controlled trial

Simon Wilksch, Anne O'Shea, C Barr Taylor, Denise Wilfley, Corrina Jacobi, Tracey Wade

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    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Disordered eating (DE) is a widespread, serious problem. Efficacious prevention programs that can be delivered at-scale are needed.Methods A pragmatic randomized controlled trial of two online programs was conducted. Participants were young-adult women from Australia and New Zealand seeking to improve their body image. Media Smart-Targeted (MS-T) and Student Bodies (SB) were both 9-module interventions released weekly, whilst control participants received positive body image information. Primary [Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) Global], secondary (DE risk factors) and tertiary (DE) outcome measures were completed at baseline, post-program, 6- A nd 12-month follow-up.Results Baseline was completed by 608 women (M age = 20.71 years); 33 were excluded leaving 575 randomized to: MS-T (N = 191); SB (N = 190) or control (N = 194). Only 66% of those randomized to MS-T or SB accessed the intervention and were included in analyses with controls; 78% of this sample completed measures subsequent to baseline. Primary intent-to-treat (ITT) analyses revealed no differences between groups, while measure completer analyses found MS-T had significantly lower EDE-Q Global than controls at 12-month follow-up. Secondary ITT analyses found MS-T participants reported significantly higher quality of life-mental relative to both SB and controls (6-month follow-up), while MS-T and controls had lower clinical impairment relative to SB (post-program). Amongst measure completers, MS-T scored significantly lower than controls and SB on 5 variables. Of those with baseline DE, MS-T participants were significantly less likely than controls to have DE at 12-month follow-up.Conclusions Given both programs were not therapist-moderated, MS-T has potential to achieve reductions in DE risk at low implementation costs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2034-2044
    Number of pages11
    JournalPsychological Medicine
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2017

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