Opiate Flows Through Northern Afghanistan and Central Asia: A Threat Assessment

Hakan Demirbuken, Hayder Mili, Yekaterina Spassova, Hamid Azizi, Sayed Jalal Pashtoon

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


This report describes the illicit trade of opiates along the Northern route from northern Afghanistan to Central Asia up to the borders of the Russian Federation. It has been organized in three sections. The first section begins by addressing the dynamics of trafficking in northern Afghanistan, including the groups involved, the volumes of opiate
flows and opiate consumption, as well as the share that southern Afghanistan production takes in Northern route trafficking. A second section explores trafficking dynamics through Central Asia, including the methods involved and the groups managing the trade. Lastly, the final section briefly analyzes the regional capacity to respond to the
threat of Afghan opiates. For the purposes of this study, ‘northern Afghanistan’ refers to both north Afghanistan and north-east Afghanistan, following the regional grouping of provinces used in the UNODC annual Opium Poppy Survey. The north Afghanistan region consists of the provinces of Baghlan, Samangan, Faryab, Sari-pul, Jawzjan, Bamyan and Balkh, while north-east Afghanistan consists of Kunduz, Badakhshan and Takhar provinces.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna, Austria
PublisherUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Commissioning bodyUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Number of pages100
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes


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