Optimal sizing and comparative analysis of rooftop PV and battery for grid-connected households with all-electric and gas-electricity utility

Rahmat Khezri, Amin Mahmoudi, David Whaley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluates the optimal sizing and economic analysis of the rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) and lithium-ion battery energy storage system (BESS) for grid-connected households. Two types of households are investigated, i.e., all-electric homes and those supplied with both gas and electricity. Each type of household is investigated under three system configurations: (i) without PV and BESS, (ii) with PV only, and (iii) with PV and BESS (PV-BESS) system. The objective is to minimize the net present value (NPV) of operating each type of house and examine the impact of the generation and storage technologies on these. For the all-electric household, gas demand is converted to electricity demand based on the gas and electric cooking and water heating appliance efficiencies used in this study. The houses NPVs are calculated using real monitored gas and electricity usage data, along with measured, solar irradiation and ambient air temperatures. It is found that the NPV varies for the all-electric and the gas and electric house, and is more prominent for the customers with gas and electric when no PV and BESS are installed. However, the key finding of this study highlights that the PV-BESS system is more economic for the all-electric houses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123876
Number of pages13
JournalENERGY
Volume251
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Battery energy storage system
  • Gas and electricity utility
  • Grid-connected household
  • Optimal sizing
  • Rooftop solar PV

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