Oral Conditions and Health-Related Quality of Life: A Systematic Review

D. G. Haag, K. G. Peres, M. Balasubramanian, D. S. Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

183 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to verify whether oral conditions (tooth loss, periodontal disease, dental caries) are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults. A search was carried out on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, and LILACS databases until the end of July 2016 with no date restrictions. Quantitative observational studies written in English were included and data extraction was performed independently by 2 reviewers. HRQoL was investigated as the outcome, and tooth loss, periodontal diseases, and dental caries were exposures. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used and the quality of the selected studies was assessed by using the Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics assessment and review instrument (JBI-MAStARI). Twenty-one studies were included. The sample sizes ranged from 88 to 15,501 subjects; 20 studies were cross-sectional designs, while 1 was a case-control study. Case definitions of the exposures were different across the studies, mainly for tooth loss, which was defined according to 11 different criteria. Fifteen studies were of "high" and 6 of "medium" quality. Eight HRQoL instruments were identified, and the most frequent was the EuroQol (n = 8). Ten of 16 studies reported a negative impact of tooth loss on HRQoL. Four of 7 studies reported that periodontal disease impairs HRQoL, and 1 study showed that periodontal disease is positively associated with HRQoL. All studies that assessed dental caries reported a negative association between this condition and HRQoL. Despite the different definitions and measures of tooth loss and dental caries, the majority of the available evidence reported a negative impact of these conditions on HRQoL. Mixed and inconclusive findings were observed for the association between periodontal disease and HRQoL. Longitudinal prospective studies are suggested to improve the strength of the findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-874
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • activities of daily living
  • dental caries
  • oral health
  • patient reported outcome measures
  • periodontal diseases
  • tooth loss


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