Oral sensitivity to fatty acids, food consumption and BMI in human subjects

J Stewart, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Matthew Golding, Conor Delahunty, Peter Clifton, Russell Keast

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    217 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Fatty acids are the chemical moieties that are thought to stimulate oral nutrient sensors, which detect the fat content of foods. In animals, oral hypersensitivity to fatty acids is associated with decreased fat intake and body weight. The aims of the present study were to investigate oral fatty acid sensitivity, food selection and BMI in human subjects. The study included two parts; study 1 established in thirty-one subjects (29 (sem 14) years, 228 (sem 05)kg/m2) taste thresholds using 3-AFC (3-Alternate Forced Choice Methodology) for oleic, linoleic and lauric acids, and quantified oral lipase activity. During study 2, fifty-four subjects (20 (sem 03) years, 215 (sem 04)kg/m2) were screened for oral fatty acid sensitivity using oleic acid (14mm), and they were defined as hypo- or hypersensitive via triplicate triangle tests. Habitual energy and macronutrient intakes were quantified from 2 d diet records, and BMI was calculated from height and weight. Subjects also completed a fat ranking task using custard containing varying amounts (0, 2, 6 and 10%) of fat. Study 1 reported median lipase activity as 2mol fatty acids/min per l, and detection thresholds for oleic, linoleic and lauric acids were 22 (sem 01), 15 (sem 01) and 26 (sem 03)mm. Study 2 identified twelve hypersensitive subjects, and hypersensitivity was associated with lower energy and fat intakes, lower BMI (P<005) and an increased ability to rank custards based on fat content (P<005). Sensitivity to oleic acid was correlated to performance in the fat ranking task (r 04, P<005). These data suggest that oral fatty acid hypersensitivity is associated with lower energy and fat intakes and BMI, and it may serve as a factor that influences fat consumption in human subjects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)145-152
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
    Volume104
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

    Keywords

    • Body composition
    • Fat consumption
    • Fatty acids
    • Oral nutrient detection
    • Taste sensitivity

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