Outcomes of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures: a 10-year experience

Bhuwan Tandon, Jeyamani Ramachandran, Sumudu Narayana, Kate Muller, Ramon Pathi, Alan J. Wigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) is an effective modality in reducing portal pressure, and its current main indications are for the management of recurrent ascites and variceal bleeding. The demand and indications for TIPSS are growing. However, it is a complicated and technically demanding procedure with poorer outcomes associated with low volume centres. The aim of this study was, therefore, to review the outcomes of TIPSS at a ‘low volume’ single centre. Outcomes assessed included indications, safety, efficacy and survival. Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken of all patients who underwent a TIPSS procedure over 10 years at tertiary referral centre for complex liver disease and transplantation. Kaplan–Meier method was used to calculate actuarial survival and log-rank analysis was used to determine significant differences in survival. Results: Thirty-eight patients underwent the TIPSS procedure between January 2008 and December 2018. Technical, haemodynamic and clinical success were 95%, 92% and 92% respectively. Cumulative survival at one month, one year and five years were 86.8%, 72% and 44.7% respectively. Results achieved standards published in practice parameters to evaluate TIPSS safety and efficacy. Conclusion: At a low volume centre, TIPSS usage was associated with high rates of technical, haemodynamic (HPVG reduction) and clinical success. Low volume should not be a contraindication to providing a TIPSS service; however, auditing outcomes and understanding specific institutional factors that influence quality are important requirements for low volume centres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-662
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Volume65
Issue number6
Early online date9 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ascites
  • encephalopathy
  • portal hypertension
  • portosystemic shunt
  • variceal bleeding

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