The aim of this prospective study was to investigate differences in participant characteristics, previous injury, running dynamics during a long-distance run, and training between injured and uninjured runners in runners of different abilities. Center-of-mass acceleration data were collected during a long-distance overground run. Runners were then divided into four groups (elite, advanced, intermediate and slow) based on their finishing time. Participants completed training diaries and were monitored for 1 year. Seventy-six runners completed the prospective study with 39 (51.3%) sustaining a running injury (44% elite, 42% advanced, 54% intermediate, 59% slow). Differences between injured and uninjured runners within each group related to injury included: (1) elite injured runners ran with longer contact times and (2) more slow injured runners reported an injury in previous year, were heavier, had higher body mass and body mass index, ran with lower step frequencies, and ran a greater weekly distance. Advanced injured runners exhibited fatigue changes in step regularity and peak braking during the run that may be related to injury. These findings suggest that runners of different abilities may have different factors related to injury however due to the small sample sizes in the groups this needs to be explored further.