Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries

A. Savage, E. Emerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Children with intellectual disability (ID) in high income countries are at significantly greater risk of obesity than their non-disabled peers. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3 to 4-year-old children who are/are not at risk of ID in low and middle income countries. Method: Secondary analysis of Round 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 20 low and middle income countries that included a total of 83 597 3 to 4-year-old children. Results: Few differences in risk of overweight or obesity were apparent between 3 and 4-year-old children identified as being at risk/not at risk of ID in 20 low and middle income countries. In the two countries where statistically significant differences were observed, prevalence of overweight/obesity was lower among children at risk of ID. Conclusions: These results stand in stark contrast to evidence from high income countries which suggest that children with ID are at significantly increased risk of obesity when compared to their non-intellectually disabled peers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1128-1135
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children
  • intellectual disability
  • low-income countries
  • obesity
  • overweight
  • prevalence

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