Behavioural sleep interventions (eg, extinction-based methods) are among the most efficacious evidence-based techniques in the treatment of infant sleep problems. However, behavioural sleep interventions can be challenging for families to successfully implement. This review aims to summarise current research surrounding the potential barriers that arise when clinicians attempt to implement extinction-based methods with parents of infants. We provide a model that summarises 3 types of contextual-barriers; socio-cultural barriers, parent barriers, and infant barriers. Based on the current evidence, we propose that adopting a stepped care approach, planning ahead, increasing support, motivational interviewing, and/or emotional regulation may serve as useful tools for parents when implementing extinction-based methods. By considering these techniques, more families may receive the benefits of improved infant sleep.
- Behavioural insomnia of childhood
- Behavioural treatment
- Intervention challenges