Particle size effects in the kinetic trapping of a structurally-locked form of a flexible MOF

Oliver M. Linder-Patton, Witold M. Bloch, Campbell J. Coghlan, Kenji Sumida, Susumu Kitagawa, Shuhei Furukawa, Christian J. Doonan, Christopher J. Sumby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The application of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for gas storage, molecular separations and catalysis necessitates careful consideration of the particle size and structuralisation (e.g. pelletisation, surface-anchoring) of a material. Recently, particle size has been shown to dramatically alter the physical and structural properties of certain MOFs, but overall there is limited information on how the particle size affects the properties of flexible MOFs. Here we demonstrate that the particle size of a flexible MOF, specifically the as-synthesised form of [Cu(bcppm)H2O]·S (H2bcppm = bis(4-(4-carboxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolyl)methane, S = solvent) (1), correlates with the rate of structural reorganisation from a "kinetically-trapped", activated 3D form of this MOF to an "open" 2D form of the structure. We also outline two methods for synthetically reducing the particle size of 1 at room temperature, using 0.1 M NaOH (for two reaction times: 0.5 and 16 h) and with the sodium salt of the ligand Na2bcppm, producing crystals of 85 ± 15, 280 ± 14 and 402 ± 41 nm, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4172-4179
Number of pages8
Issue number22
Early online date8 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • metal–organic frameworks
  • MOFs
  • Particle size


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