Particle-size effects on dissolved arsenic adsorption to an Australian laterite

Raul Mollehuara Canales, Huade Guan, Erick Bestland, John Hutson, Craig Simmons

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this study, arsenic adsorption to an Australian laterite has been examined for a particle-size range between 38 μm and 25 mm. The results show that particle size influences both kinetic and equilibrium characteristics of arsenic adsorption. The equilibrium adsorption capacity increases from around 100 mg kg-1 for laterite particles coarser than 4 mm, to around 160 mg kg-1 for laterite particles between 75 μm and 4 mm, and to over 200 mg kg-1 for laterite particles finer than 75 μm. The kinetic adsorption data can be fitted with the pseudo-second-order reaction model, in particular for finer particles where the film diffusion and/or surface reaction are important processes. The model-fitted rate constant remains steady for laterite particles coarser than 2 mm, increases moderately with particle size in the range between 75 μm and 2 mm, and increases dramatically for laterite particles finer than 75 μm. These arsenic adsorption behaviours can be explained by the relative importance of two particle-size-dependent processes: quick external-surface adsorption (more important for fine particles) and slow intraparticle adsorption (more important for coarse particles). Most of the external-surface adsorption completes in the first hour of the experiment. To apply the studied laterite for dissolved arsenic removal, it is recommended that fine particles, in particular finer than 75 μm, should be used if the contact time is the limitation, and that coarse particles, in particular 2-4 mm, should be used if sufficient contact time is available.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2301-2312
    Number of pages12
    JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
    Volume68
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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