Pathoanatomy of acromioclavicular joint instability

Joideep Phadnis, Gregory I. Bain, Klaus Bak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The diagnosis, prognosis and management of acromioclavicular joint instability remain a point of debate with over 60 types of stabilization procedure described in the published literature. This is a sure sign that we are yet to solve the problem of AC joint instability. In this chapter, we describe the pathoanatomy of AC joint instability using historical articles and classification systems and use these to outline a progressive concept of AC joint instability that will further the reader's understanding of the problem and how to solve it.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNormal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783662457191
ISBN (Print)9783662457184
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Acromioclavicular
  • Conoid
  • Injury
  • Instability
  • Trapezoid


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