We used multiple-labelling immunofluorescence, intracellular dye injection, electrophysiological recording and confocal microscopy to examine the expression of immunoreactivity to protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) in sympathetic ganglia of guinea-pigs. PKCα and PKCγ were widespread in vasoconstrictor and pilomotor neurons. High levels of PKA RIIα and RIIβ were restricted to neurons that lacked significant expression of PKC, including somatostatin-containing neurons projecting to the gut, and non-noradrenergic vasodilator neurons. In coeliac ganglia, most neurons with PKC contained neuropeptide Y and displayed phasic patterns of action potential firing, often with a long after-hyperpolarization. Tonically firing neurons lacked both neuropeptide Y and PKC. These results show remarkably pathway-specific expression of protein kinases in functionally identified populations of sympathetic neurons.
- Coeliac ganglion
- Guinea- pig
- Neuropeptide Y
- Protein kinase
- Vasoactive intestinal peptide