Patient-Centred Point-of-Care Testing: A Life-Changing Technology for Remote Primary Care

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Point-of-care (POC) testing has proven to be a life-changing and transformational technology for patients with acute, chronic, and infectious diseases who live in regional and remote Australia. This technology facilitates patient-centred test results, of equivalent laboratory quality, that are rapidly available to inform clinical and public health decisions for an immediate impact on case management. Traditionally, POC testing in high-middle income countries has been most widely used in tertiary or acute care settings to provide rapid diagnostic results for emergency departments, intensive care units and operating theatres. However, in low-middle income countries, POC tests are commonly used during antenatal and perinatal care for infectious disease detection, such as HIV, syphilis, or malaria, where laboratory services are too expensive, inaccessible, or non-existent. Similarly, the application of POC testing in primary care settings in Australia offers improved healthcare benefits to geographically isolated regional and remote communities, where access to laboratory-based pathology testing is poor and the burden of disease is high. Evidence-based data from research in established primary care POC testing networks for acute chronic, and infectious disease is used to describe the clinical, cultural, and economic effectiveness of POC technologies. Innovative solutions to address current barriers to the uptake of POC testing in primary care settings, which include clinical and cultural governance, high staff turnover, operator training and competency, device connectivity, quality testing, sustainable funding strategies, and the need for regulatory requirements are also discussed. POC testing can provide practical and resourceful opportunities to revolutionise the delivery of pathology services in rural and remote primary care sectors, where the clinical and community need for this technology is greatest. However, several barriers to the scale-up and sustainability of POC testing networks in these settings still exist, and the full potential of POC testing cannot be realised until these limitations are addressed and resolved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPrimary Care
EditorsAyse Emel Onal
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherIntechOpen
Pages1-15
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-83969-807-1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • primary healthcare (PHC)
  • point-of-care testing
  • Australia
  • remote
  • patient-centred care

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