Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to guide clinical care: recommendations and challenges

Anupriya Agarwal, Tilley Pain, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Afaf Girgis, Anna Hoffman, Jonathan Karnon, Madeleine T. King, Karan K. Shah, Rachael L. Morton, For the HSRAANZ PROMs Special Interest Group

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The patient is the most reliable reporter of their symptoms, function and health-related quality of life, and can provide a holistic viewpoint of the benefits and risks of treatments or the severity of their conditions. Including the patient’s voice is critical for shared decision making and patient-centred care. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are defined as “any report of the status of a patient’s health condition that comes directly from the patient, without interpretation of the patient’s response by a clinician or anyone else”.1 Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are validated tools or questionnaires used to collect PROs. PROMs can complement traditional methods of clinical assessment, such as medical history and physical examination. The use of systematically collected PROMs to inform the delivery of care has been researched for many years,2, 3 with patient and health service impacts including reduced symptom burden, improved quality of life and increased survival of patients with advanced cancer,4 and reduced emergency department presentations in a broad population of patients with cancer.5 As research suggests, the collection of PROMs in the clinical setting could better measure differences in the effects of health care interventions.6 PROMs collection is encouraged in the 2020–25 National Health Reform Agreement to empower patients to be involved in their health care, improve care across the health system, and focus on outcomes that matter to patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-11
Number of pages3
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • health
  • care
  • patients
  • clinical
  • assessment
  • quality of life


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