Patient self-report versus medical records for smoking status and alcohol consumption at Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services

Natasha Noble, Jamie Bryant, Louise Maher, Daniel Jackman, Billie Bonevski, Anthony Shakeshaft, Christine Paul

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Abstract

Objective: This study assessed the level of agreement, and predictors of agreement, between patient self-report and medical records for smoking status and alcohol consumption among patients attending one of four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (ACCHSs). Methods: A convenience sample of 110 ACCHS patients self-reported whether they were current smokers or currently consumed alcohol. ACCHS staff completed a medical record audit for corresponding items for each patient. The level of agreement was evaluated using the kappa statistic. Factors associated with levels of agreement were explored using logistic regression. Results: The level of agreement between self-report and medical records was strong for smoking status (kappa=0.85; 95%CI: 0.75–0.96) and moderate for alcohol consumption (kappa=0.74; 95%CI: 0.60–0.88). None of the variables explored were significantly associated with levels of agreement for smoking status or alcohol consumption. Conclusions: Medical records showed good agreement with patient self-report for smoking and alcohol status and are a reliable means of identifying potentially at-risk ACCHS patients. Implications for public health: ACCHS medical records are accurate for identifying smoking and alcohol risk factors for their patients. However, strategies to increase documentation and reduce missing data in the medical records are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aboriginal
  • agreement
  • alcohol consumption
  • Indigenous
  • medical record
  • preventive care
  • self-report
  • smoking status

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