Neurologically normal individuals exhibit leftward spatial biases, resulting from object- and space-based biases; however their relative contributions to the overall bias remain unknown. Relative position within the display has not often been considered, with similar spatial conditions being collapsed across. Study 1 used the greyscales task to investigate the influence of relative position and object- and space-based contributions. One image in each greyscale pair was shifted towards the left or the right. A leftward object-based bias moderated by a bias to the centre was expected. Results confirmed this as a left object-based bias occurred in the right visual field, where the left side of the greyscale pairs was located in the centre visual field. Further, only lower visual field images exhibited a significant left bias in the left visual field. The left bias was also stronger when images were partially overlapping in the right visual field, demonstrating the importance of examining proximity. The second study examined whether object-based biases were stronger when actual objects, with directional lighting biases, were used. Direction of luminosity was congruent or incongruent with spatial location. A stronger object-based bias emerged overall; however a leftward bias was seen in congruent conditions and a rightward bias was seen in incongruent conditions. In conditions with significant biases, the lower visual field image was chosen most often. Results show that object- and space-based biases both contribute; however stimulus type allows either space- or object-based biases to be stronger. A lower visual field bias also interacts with these biases, leading the left bias to be eliminated under certain conditions. The complex interaction occurring between frame of reference and visual field makes spatial location extremely important in determining the strength of the leftward bias.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - May 2012|
- Horizontal shift
- Lateral biases
- Vertical location