Personal risk and resilience factors in the context of daily stress

Manfred Diehl, Elizabeth Hay, Ka Chui

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    41 Citations (Scopus)


    This chapter focuses on the role that personal risk and resilience factors play as adults of all ages cope with the stressors encountered in everyday life. Theorists have suggested that researchers should focus on the effects of daily stress and coping rather than focusing exclusively on major life events and chronic stress and have proposed that understanding how adults cope with daily stress is a key aspect of understanding long-term well-being and adaptation in adulthood. After presenting a conceptual model outlining the major components of the daily stress process, the chapter reviewsthe existing empirical literature on personal risk and resilience factors in the context of daily stress. This research clearly suggests that there is no universal generalization that can be made regarding whether chronological age, in and of itself, confers greater vulnerability or resilience onto adults. Instead, we argue that researchers should ask when and under what conditions is age associated with greater vulnerability to daily stress and when and under what conditionsis age associated with greater resilience to daily stress. Age differences in reactivity to daily stress are clearly embedded within a complex system of factors-structural, individual, and situational-that infl uence stress reactivity and stress recovery in several ways. This complexity should not be taken to mean that stress reactivity and recovery cannot be charted or understood.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics
    PublisherSpringer Publishing Company, LLC
    Number of pages24
    ISBN (Print)9780826108746
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Publication series

    NameAnnual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics
    ISSN (Print)0198-8794


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