Pharmacovigilance in hospice/palliative care: net effect of gabapentin for neuropathic pain

Christine Sanderson, Stephen Quinn, Meera Agar, Richard Chye, K Clarke, M Doogue, Belinda Fazekas, J Lee, M Lovell, D Rowett, O Spruyt, David Currow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective Hospice/palliative care patients may differ from better studied populations, and data from other populations cannot necessarily be extrapolated into hospice/palliative care clinical practice. Pharmacovigilance studies provide opportunities to understand the harms and benefits of medications in routine practice. Gabapentin, a γ-amino butyric acid analogue antiepileptic drug, is commonly prescribed for neuropathic pain in hospice/palliative care. Most of the evidence however relates to nonmalignant, chronic pain syndromes (diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, central pain syndromes, fibromyalgia). The aim of this study was to quantify the immediate and short-term clinical benefits and harms of gabapentin in routine hospice/palliative care practice. Design Multisite, prospective, consecutive cohort. Population 127 patients, 114 of whom had cancer, who started gabapentin for neuropathic pain as part of routine clinical care. Settings 42 centres from seven countries. Data were collected at three time points-at baseline, at day 7 (and at any time; immediate and shortterm harms) and at day 21 (clinical benefits). Results At day 21, the average dose of gabapentin for those still using it (n=68) was 653mg/24h (range 0-1800mg) and 54 (42%) reported benefits, of whom 7 (6%) experienced complete pain resolution. Harms were reported in 39/127 (30%) patients at day 7, the most frequent of which were cognitive disturbance, somnolence, nausea and dizziness. Ten patients had their medication ceased due to harms. The presence of significant comorbidities, higher dose and increasing age increased the likelihood of harm. Conclusions Overall, 42% of people experienced benefit at a level that resulted in continued use at 21 days.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)273-280
    Number of pages8
    JournalBMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
    Volume5
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pharmacovigilance in hospice/palliative care: net effect of gabapentin for neuropathic pain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sanderson, C., Quinn, S., Agar, M., Chye, R., Clarke, K., Doogue, M., Fazekas, B., Lee, J., Lovell, M., Rowett, D., Spruyt, O., & Currow, D. (2014). Pharmacovigilance in hospice/palliative care: net effect of gabapentin for neuropathic pain. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care, 5(3), 273-280. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000699