Phase IB/II Study of Second-Line Therapy with Panitumumab, Irinotecan, and Everolimus (PIE) in KRAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

Amanda Townsend, Niall Tebbutt, Christos Karapetis, Pamela Cooper, Nimit Singhal, Susan Yeend, Louise Pirc, Rohit Joshi, Jennifer Hardingham, Timothy Price

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    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: Inhibition of mTOR in addition to EGFR may overcome resistance to EGFR inhibitors in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This phase Ib/II study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the combination of irinotecan, panitumumab, and everolimus. Patients and Methods: Patients with KRAS exon 2 wild-type (WT) mCRC following failure of fluoropyrimidine-based therapy received i.v. irinotecan and panitumumab every 2 weeks, and everolimus orally throughout a 14-day cycle. The primary endpoint of the phase II study was response rate (RR). Secondary survival outcomes were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method, and results were analyzed as intention to treat. A preplanned exploratory biomarker analysis was performed. Results: Forty-nine patients were enrolled. Dose level 1 (irinotecan 200 mg/m 2 , panitumumab 6 mg/kg, and everolimus 5 mg alternate day) was declared the MTD with no dose-limiting toxicities in six patients. Forty patients were treated at dose level 1: median age, 60 years (37–76); 65% male; 45% and 52.5%, respectively, with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group values of 0/1. Median dose intensity was 85%. Grade 3 toxicities were diarrhea (23%), mucositis (18%), rash (13%), fatigue (8%), dehydration (5%), neutropenia (20%), febrile neutropenia (8%), hypomagnesemia (20%), and hypokalemia (8%). Grade 4 toxicities were hypomagnesemia (5%) and neutropenia (3%). RR was 48%, and stable disease was 43%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.6 months, and median overall survival (OS) was 10.8 months. Twenty-five patients were RAS/RAF WT and had an RR of 60%, median PFS of 6.4 months, and OS of 11.8 months. Conclusions: The toxicity of the panitumumab, irinotecan, and everolimus regimen is as expected and manageable. The RR of 60% in all RAS/RAF WT supports further study of this combination.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3838-3844
    Number of pages7
    JournalClinical Cancer Research
    Issue number16
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018


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