Phase III Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of Cetuximab Plus Brivanib Alaninate Versus Cetuximab Plus Placebo in Patients With Metastatic, Chemotherapy-Refractory, Wild-Type K-RAS Colorectal Carcinoma: The NCIC Clinical Trials Group and AGITG CO.20 trial

L Siu, Jeremy Shapiro, Derek Jonker, Chris Karapetis, John Zalcberg, John Simes, F Couture, Malcolm Moore, Timothy Price, Jehan Siddiqui, L Nott, Danielle Charpentier, Winston Liauw, M Sawyer, Michael Jefford, Nadine Magoski, Andrew Haydon, I Walters, J Ringash, D TuChris O'Callaghan

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    87 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The antiepidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody cetuximab has improved survival in patients with metastatic, chemotherapy-refractory, wild-type K-RAS colorecta cancer. The addition of brivanib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelia growth factor receptor and fibroblast growth factor receptor, to cetuximab has shown encouraging early clinical activity Patients and Methods: Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer previously treated with combination chemotherapy were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive cetuximab 400 mg/m 2 intravenous loading dose followed by weekly maintenance of 250 mg/m 2 plus either brivanib 800 mg orally daily (arm A) or placebo (arm B). The primary end point was overall survival (OS) Results: A total of 750 patients were randomly assigned (376 in arm A and 374 in arm B). Median OS in the intent-to-treat population was 8.8 months in arm A and 8.1 months in arm B (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.74 to 1.03; P =.12). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.0 months in arm A and 3.4 months in arm B (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.84; P <.001). Partia responses observed (13.6% v7.2%; P =.004) were higher in arm A. Incidence of any grade > 3 adverse events was 78% in arm A and 53% in arm B. Fewer patients received ≥ 90% dose-intensity of both cetuximab (57% v 83%) and brivanib/placebo (48% v 87%) in arm A versus arm B, respectively. Conclusion: Despite positive effects on PFS and objective response, cetuximab plus brivanib increased toxicity and did not significantly improve OS in patients with metastatic, chemotherapy-refractory, wild-type K-RAS colorectal cancer.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2477-2484
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
    Volume31
    Issue number19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013

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