Phased in smoke-free workplace laws: Impact in grass-roots pubs and clubs in South Australia

Caroline L. Miller, Jacqueline A. Hickling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Issue addressed: Smoke-free workplace laws with phase-in provisions for licensed bar and gaming venues are being rolled-out across Australia. This study investigates grass-roots industry reactions after the first phase of implementation in South Australia and compares them with views of patrons who smoke. Methods: Two surveys were conducted with bar and club managers of randomly selected licensed venues in South Australia. The first survey (baseline) was conducted in November 2004 (n=500; by telephone). The second survey (phase 1) was conducted in May 2005 (n=357; in person including site inspection). Community support was assessed in a telephone survey conducted in 2005 (n=2,004). Results: In 2005, more than half supported the smoking bans planned for 2007 and up to 75% supported the phase-in provisions (for 2005-07). By 2005, 90.7% recognised it was important to provide a smoke-free environment for staff, but one-third were under the mistaken impression that phase-in measures offered health protection. Attempted compliance was very high and, for most, not an effort or financial burden. Verified compliance was fair, although lower than self-report due to confusion about rules for smoking and non-smoking areas. When the views of bar and club managers were compared with community views, collected in a separate survey, it was found that bar and club managers substantially under-estimated community support for impending total smoke-free laws, due in November 2007. Conclusions: Grass-roots industry support for smoke-free laws is considerable and higher than industry comments might imply, but somewhat lesser than community support. Attempted compliance is fair, despite confusion about details.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Promotion Journal of Australia
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Health policy
  • Tobacco smoke pollution


Dive into the research topics of 'Phased in smoke-free workplace laws: Impact in grass-roots pubs and clubs in South Australia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this