Pilot randomized trial of a volitional help sheet‐based tool to increase leisure time physical activity in breast cancer survivors

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives
To develop and test a volitional help sheet‐based tool to improve physical activity in breast cancer survivors compared to a standard self‐generated implementation intention intervention.

Design
Pilot randomized trial conducted online over 3 months.

Methods
Participants were randomized to an online volitional help sheet (n = 50) or implementation intention (n = 51) intervention. Measures were taken at baseline, 1 and 3 months. The main outcome measure was moderate‐strenuous leisure time physical activity. Secondary outcomes were health‐related quality of life and mood.

Results
Participants exposed to the volitional help sheet and implementation intention interventions showed similar effects after 1 month, with both groups reporting a significant increase in moderate‐strenuous physical activity. After 3 months, the initial increase in physical activity was maintained by the volitional help sheet group, but not the implementation intention group. Improvements were also found for negative affect and emotional quality of life.

Conclusion
While both interventions show promise in promoting physical activity in breast cancer survivors, the volitional help sheet may be more effective for facilitating lasting change and emotional well‐being. Findings suggest that the volitional help sheet may have potential to offer a cost‐effective contribution to consumer‐led tertiary preventive health. Future research should test these initial findings in a definitive trial.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-740
Number of pages18
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • behaviour change
  • breast cancer survivor
  • implementation intentions
  • physical activity
  • volitional help sheet

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