|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 24 Jul 2020|
Plants cannot rely on dietary sources of complex metabolites and must generate all organic matter from fundamental environmental elements. Therefore, while the major function of mitochondria in plants, as in any eukaryote, is synthesis and distribution of the cellular energy carrier adenosine triphosphate (ATP), it also must fulfill an anabolic role. Plant respiratory pathways are highly complex, from expanded gene families and enzyme isoforms with diversified kinetic properties, to entirely unique pathways that branch from and feed into the classical pathways. This enables metabolic flexibility, redistributing carbon flux and balancing energy status according to ever-changing needs of the cell.
Bibliographical noteFrom entry on publisher's site - "Change History: January 2020. Crystal Sweetman and Kathleen L. Soole updated the text to the entire article including a new abstract, added new references to the reading list and updated Fig. 1 and Table 1."
- Alternative oxidase
- ATP synthesis
- Electron transport chain
- NAD(P)H dehydrogenase
- TCA cycle uncoupler