Plant Mitochondria: Substrates, Inhibitors, Uncouplers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Abstract

Plants cannot rely on dietary sources of complex metabolites and must generate all organic matter from fundamental environmental elements. Therefore, while the major function of mitochondria in plants, as in any eukaryote, is synthesis and distribution of the cellular energy carrier adenosine triphosphate (ATP), it also must fulfill an anabolic role. Plant respiratory pathways are highly complex, from expanded gene families and enzyme isoforms with diversified kinetic properties, to entirely unique pathways that branch from and feed into the classical pathways. This enables metabolic flexibility, redistributing carbon flux and balancing energy status according to ever-changing needs of the cell.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biological Chemistry
EditorsJoseph Jez
PublisherElsevier
Number of pages9
Edition3rd Edition
ISBN (Print)9780128194607
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

From entry on publisher's site - "Change History: January 2020. Crystal Sweetman and Kathleen L. Soole updated the text to the entire article including a new abstract, added new references to the reading list and updated Fig. 1 and Table 1."

Keywords

  • Alternative oxidase
  • ATP synthesis
  • Electron transport chain
  • Inhibitor
  • Mitochondria
  • NAD(P)H dehydrogenase
  • Non-phosphorylating
  • Phosphorylating
  • Substrate
  • TCA cycle uncoupler

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