Aims: To assess the efficacy of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors in patients with acute coronary syndromes primarily medically managed. Methods and Results: We performed a meta-analysis of the randomized clinical trials of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy in the medical management of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes. Among 29 570 patients, IIb/IIIa integrin blockade was associated with a reduction in death or non-fatal myocardial infarction at 30 days, from 11·5% to 10·7% (odds ratio 0·91, P=0·02). Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention during index hospitalization sustained a greater reduction in ischaemic events (odds ratio 0·82, P=0·01) than patients medically managed (odds ratio 0·95, P=0·27). Among patients undergoing intervention, the benefit was more pronounced if the procedure was performed during glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor infusion (odds ratio 0·74; P=0·02), than if revascularization was performed after drug discontinuation (odds ratio 0·87, P=0-17). Conclusion: This analysis, including the entire large-scale trial experience of intravenous glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors in patients with acute coronary syndromes primarily medically managed, demonstrates an overall significant, albeit moderate, reduction in 30-day death or myocardial infarction associated with therapy. Although not based on a prospectively defined hypothesis, the findings suggest a gradient of benefit conferred by these agents depending on the revascularization strategy used.
- Acute coronary syndromes
- Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors