Point-of-Care testing for drugs of abuse

Santiago Vazquez, Brooke Spaeth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) estimated that 246 million people between the ages of 15 and 64 years used an illicit drug in 2013. The advantages of point-of-care testing (POCT) for drugs of abuse are the ability to have results without delay and reduced cost of testing. Urine and oral fluid (saliva) are the preferred matrix analysed by POCT drugs of abuse devices, which use immuno-chromatography to detect the drug or drug metabolite. A range of devices is available for POC drug testing, from simple dipsticks, to cups with incorporated test strips, to instrument-based readers. POCT for drugs of abuse can be used in roadside drugs testing, workplace testing, judicial drug testing and rehabilitation clinics. The limitation of POCT for drugs of abuse is that a positive result needs confirmatory testing by a laboratory.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationA Practical Guide to Global Point-of-Care Testing
EditorsMark Shephard
Place of PublicationMelbourne, AUSTRALIA
PublisherCSIRO Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781486305193 , 9781486305209
ISBN (Print)9781486305186
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • point-of-care testing
  • Drugs of abuse
  • United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC)
  • immunochromatography
  • urine testing
  • saliva testing


Dive into the research topics of 'Point-of-Care testing for drugs of abuse'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this