Point-of-Care testing for drugs of abuse

Santiago Vazquez, Brooke Spaeth

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    The United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) estimated that 246 million people between the ages of 15 and 64 years used an illicit drug in 2013. The advantages of point-of-care testing (POCT) for drugs of abuse are the ability to have results without delay and reduced cost of testing. Urine and oral fluid (saliva) are the preferred matrix analysed by POCT drugs of abuse devices, which use immuno-chromatography to detect the drug or drug metabolite. A range of devices is available for POC drug testing, from simple dipsticks, to cups with incorporated test strips, to instrument-based readers. POCT for drugs of abuse can be used in roadside drugs testing, workplace testing, judicial drug testing and rehabilitation clinics. The limitation of POCT for drugs of abuse is that a positive result needs confirmatory testing by a laboratory.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationA Practical Guide to Global Point-of-Care Testing
    EditorsMark Shephard
    Place of PublicationMelbourne, AUSTRALIA
    PublisherCSIRO Publishing
    Chapter26
    Pages316-330
    Number of pages15
    ISBN (Electronic)9781486305193 , 9781486305209
    ISBN (Print)9781486305186
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • point-of-care testing
    • Drugs of abuse
    • United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC)
    • immunochromatography
    • urine testing
    • saliva testing

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